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Analysis of Female Plastic Surgery Authorship
Danielle Andry, MD, Clayton Moliver, MD, Linda Phillips, MD.
University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

PURPOSE: Authorship in a peer-reviewed journal is highly regarded in both the academic and private sectors of plastic surgery. Recently, several articles have cited an increased contribution from females in plastic surgery literature; however, none to date have analyzed the demographic trends of these female authors. The purpose of this study is to conduct an analysis of female authors in three well-known plastic surgery journals. METHODS: Articles published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Annals of Plastic Surgery, and Aesthetic Surgery were reviewed between January and December 2015. Supplemental journals, review, and CME articles were excluded. First, second, and last authors were reviewed and stratified by a number of categories including gender, geographic location, and title. Due to differences in training and academic title appointments worldwide, titles were only reviewed for authors residing in the United States.
RESULTS: 2050 authors were reviewed. 20% of first authors, 24% of second authors, and 15% of last authors were female. Female representation was fairly equal amongst the journals. 39% of female authors were international. Overall, 16% of graduated plastic surgeons and 25% of residents published in these articles were female, compared to 14.2% graduated plastic surgeons and 32.4% residents.
CONCLUSION: Faculty on par with national percentages of female plastic surgeons; however, female residents have lower representation in literature than in the community as a whole. Residents and faculty must promote productivity of the younger generation of female plastic surgeons to continue increasing contributions of females to the specialty.


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